Rajasthan is a haven for a wide spectrum of
wildlife. The topography of Rajasthan ranges from the barren
desert, scrub-thorn arid forests,rocks and ravines to wetlands and lush,
green forests. And each of these areas houses a large variety of animal
and bird life. Some of them rare while some endangered.
Rajasthan is the home of the tigers, black
bucks,chinkara, the rare desert fox,the endangered caracal, the great
Indian bustard,gavial, monitor lizard,wild boars,porcupine. Migratory
birds like the common crane, ducks,coots, pelicans and the rare Siberian
cranes,imperial sandgrouse, falcons, buzzards flocks to this state during
the winter months. Typical areas representing each of the ecosystems have
been earmarked as special areas wildlife. Rajasthan boasts of two National
Parks,over a dozen Sanctuaries and two Closed Areas. Most of these areas
are open to visitors round the year but are closed briefly during the
- A fairly new sanctuary, it was established in 1983 and covers a
total area of 229 sq km of scrub and dry deciduous forest.
Leopards,chinkara,sloth bear can be spotted here if one is lucky. The best
time to visit is between October and May.
- Previously the
hunting ground of the Kota maharajas, this sanctuary was established in
1955 and covers an area of 266 sq km. This hilly sanctuary with its thick
forests is worth a visit. The animals here include wolf,sloth
bear,chinkara and leopard. The best time to visit is between February and
- Established in 1980,it is colossal park sprawling on
3162 sq km. It has shrubs and trees in addition to rolling sand dunes. The
wildlife wealth here comprises fox,desert cat,hare,spiney tail uromastix
and sand fish. Thousands of sparrows,imperial sand grouse, bustards,
falcons and eagles migrate here during the winter. Best time to visit is
September to March.
- Established in
1957,this sanctuary is located beside the man-made lake of the same name.
Covering a total area of 160 sq km, it harbours sloth
bear,leopard,chital,chinkara,wild boar and a number of birds. Some
crocodiles and fish can also be spotted here. Best time to visit is
between November and January.
- Declared a National Park in 1983,this 29 sq km park is one of the world’s greatest heronries.
Its shallow,fresh waer marsh attracts thousands of migratory birds. Over
10,000 nests of egrets,darters,cormorants,grey herons and storks hatch
nearly 20,000 to 30,000 chicks every year. There is an infinite variety of
migratory birds. Mammals like the sambhar,blackbuck,chital,nilgai,fishing
cat,otter and mongoose also roam freely here. Best time to visit is August
- The majestic fort of Kumbhalgarh overlooks the 578 sq km
sanctuary. The Aravallis hills,which remain barren for most of the year,
turn green rains and provide shelter to sloth bear,leopard,flying
squirrel. It is also the only sanctuary where the Indian wolf is breeding
successfully. Best time to visit is March to May and Spetember to
- The highest
point of Aravallis,the Guru Shikhar,lies in this 289 sq km sanctuary.
Established in 1960,this provides shelter to the common langaur,wild
boar,sambhar and leopard.. The grey jungle fowl can also be spotted here.
Besides, a number of flowering threes enchance the beauty of this
This is the state’s most well-known tiger reserve
under Project Tiger.Home of an ecpansive variety of other animals in is
392 sq km area, one can spot sambhar,cheetal,wild boar,leopard,sloth
bear,jackal,hyena among others. Artificial lakes,dense forests and the
shield of the Aravallis have helped to make this park very impressive and
interesting. Best time to visit is Ocotber to April.
- The other
tigerland in Rajasthan which was brought under Project Tiger in 1979.
Other than leopard,sambhar,nilgai,wild dog, and chinkara, the ruins of
9th and 10th century temples exist here. Best time
to visit is November to June.
Other sanctuaries :
- Tal Chapper
- Jamwa Ramgarh
- Kaila Devi
1. Desert National
2. Wood Fossil Park
3. Kanodiawala Rann
5. Tal Chapper
8. Keoldeo Ghana
14. Jawahar Sagar
17. Mount Abu